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Report enemy information using SALUTE

1. Report all information quickly, completely, and accurately. The following example shows how much detail is included in a complete report. "Seven men in civilian clothes, one carrying rifle and bandoleer, six carrying farm tools, entered the village of Friedberg (BN 223227) by southwest gate at 1300 hours. Same seven men,all with rifles and bandoleers, left Friedberg by northeast gate at 1400 hours, walking northeast on road to Ogau (BN 214230)."

2. A good way to remember how and what to report about the enemy is to use the letters of the word SALUTE.

a. Size - describe the number of personal seen or the size of object.
b. Activity - describe what the enemy was doing.
c. Location - give grid coordinates or reference from a known pint,including distance and direction (or azimuth) from the known point.
d. Unit - describe any patches or clothing distinctive signs or symbols, or identification (ID) numbers on vehicles.
e. Time - state the time the activity was observed.
f. Equipment - describe or identify all equipment associated with the activity.



Correct malfunction in M16 type rifles using SPORTS

1. Perform immediate action. If your rifle malfunctions, remember S-P-O-R-T-S. That key word will help you remember these actions: slap,pull,observe,release,tap,shoot.

a. Slap upward on the magazine to make sure it is properly seated.
b. Pull the charging handle all the way back.
c. Observe the ejection of the case or cartridge. Look into the chamber and check for obstructions.
d. Release the charging handle to feed a new round in the chamber. Do not ride the charging handle.
e. Tap the forward assits.
f. Shoot. If it will still not fire, look for the trouble and apply remidial action.

2. Remidial action.

a. If your rifle still fails to fire after performing steps 1a through 1f, check again for a jammed cartridge case in the chamber.
b. If a cartridge case is in the chamber, tap it out with a cleaning rod.



Analysis to determine requirements for warning order using METT-T

M - mission, what is the purpose of the mission,constraints,limitations
E - enemy, situation and probable course of action including intentions,capablities and most probable course of action
T - troops (own), what is the strength available,morale and condition of your troops,
T - terrain including weather,visibility,survivability,mobility, winter weather will require more time and proper clothes etc.
T - time, what is the time allowed for the mission and how soon must it be executed


Keep warm in winter by thinking COLD

C - clean,keep your clothing clean
O - overheating, avoid overheating by venting
L - loose in layers,tight boots and clothing will not keep you warm. Many lighter layers are better then 1 thick layer and can be regulated for different temperatures
D - dry, keep your clothes dry and yourself by controlling sweating


5 point contingincy plan for group seperating using GOTWA

G - going, where is the leader going
O - others,who is the leader taking with him
T - time, the amount of time he plans to be gone
W - what to do if the leader does not return
A - action to take upon chance contact for the unit and the leader


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